Rune Svarverud is Professor and Head of Research in the Department of Cultural Studies and Oriental Language at University of Oslo, where he received his Ph.D. in 1996. His main academic interests are the language, history and intellectual history of China. Professor Svarverud has mainly been working on two separate periods in Chinese history. The first is the early Chinese philosophy and thought during the pre-Qin period and the Han dynasty. The second of these periods is the time following the Opium War in 1840 and the subsequent encounters between Chinese and western culture, language and thought. Within these two periods he has worked on the history of concepts, textual history, the history of Chinese philosophy and ideas, cultural encounters, modernity and individualism. Professor Svarverud also cooperates with scholars in the History department at Fudan University, China, with the Institute of Advanced Studies at Nanjing University, China, and with colleagues at Kansai University, Japan.